The Orion spacecraft will launch the BioSentinel CubeSat as part of the Artemis I mission. It will carry out a long biological experiment deep in space. NASA reported this.
The satellite will contain yeast. Because yeast cells have similar biological functions to humans, scientists can study cosmic radiation’s effects on living cells within the satellite.
BioSentinel’s main task is to monitor the vital signs of yeast to determine how they react to radiation from deep space. Particularly, the mission will examine yeast cell growth and metabolism.
They also plan on sending plants, algae, and fungi into outer space. The Van Allen radiation belt is outside of low Earth orbit and will be passed by the Orion spacecraft. These belts contain protons and electrons from the solar wind, with a charge of around three MeV (megaelectronvolt). Van Allen radiation fields are often located near planets with strong magnetic fields. The Van Allen belts will allow biological cargo to experience cosmic radiation fully.